Forging is a huge, important part of the manufacturing industry. Several various domains depend heavily on metal forging. Forging is a process of melting metal to transform it into the desired geometric shape. In contrast to forging, casting is the process where the metal is converted into the liquid state while the forging process maintains the solid state of metal. Forging can be used to achieve durability, reliability and add sturdiness to the entire set up. It also reacts better under heat and a wider range of materials can be used to make machine parts such as flanges, bearings, gears, couplings, clutches, robotics etc. Forging is used in parts that are mainly used as attachments as the process increases the strength of the machinery that is being the manufacturer. Forging has evolved through the years and the magnitude of its usage has increased in a humungous manner. There are four major types of forging that is being employed on a regular basis:
1. Open Die Forging
2. Impression Die Forging
3. Cold Forging
4. Rolled Ring Forging.
In this article, we will be discussing the process of ring forging. In a nutshell, Roll forging is carried out by making a hole in a large piece of metal which is round in shape. On punching this hole, it makes a donut shape. The metal is then rolled and pressurized to achieve a thin ring. The diameter of this ring can be altered in diameter based on the requirement. Cylinder section or circular rings can be manufactured using roll forging for aerospace applications, machinery tools, pipes, pressure vessels and so on. Here are several steps that are used to carry out the process of ring forging:
1. Preparation of Stock: The round piece of metal is pierced in order to get a donut-shaped metal. It is the workpiece which will be worked upon in the next few steps. This metal is the raw material required to get the desired shape. In the next few steps, the metal is hammered using forging die until the end result is achieved.
2. Upsetting: Upsetting is the process used to achieve structural stability and integrity along with directional grain flow. After the upsetting is done, the piercing takes place.
3. Ring Forging: The metal is then placed in an idler roll. It applies pressure continuously along with the drive roll and the axial rolls.
The process is then completed. Ring forging provides versatile end products that can be used by industries coming from any domain such as aerospace, automobile, product manufacture etc. To get more insights on forgings, you can catch hold of a forged rings manufacturer. A forged rings manufacturer is never out of business and such is the importance of ring forgings. They use materials such as steel, alloy steels, carbon, aluminum, copper, titanium and so on. The possibilities are endless and the process is not very expensive either. Good maintenance and technical skill are all that’s required for a successful roll forging process.