The Montessori pedagogy is called “open”, created by Maria Montessori it is taught in schools of the same name and allows the sensory education of the children who benefit. Traditional pedagogy is called “closed”, it is not suitable for all children and adapts little to the needs of each, contrary to the Montessori pedagogy which is considered as “aid to life” through education Sensory awareness.
Thanks to this pedagogy, children are able to acquire a more realistic perception of the world and allow them to know how to situate themselves consciously with greater facility. The material used, concrete and scientific, is also self-corrective and progressive. This method of learning can even be recommended for students with DYS or ADHD.
Montessori teaching materials, conceived and created by Maria Montessori, are a help to the development of the intelligence and the hand and allows the children to learn, to distinguish, and to generalize from the concrete to the concept and the concept towards the abstract: Allows them to grasp abstract notions in a sensual way. The manufacture of the material and its use are based on universal notions like the table of Pythagoras, the decimal number … to use it requires practice and autonomous work.
Through the Montessori Teaching Materials, each child can measure and control the accuracy of what he does. it self-evaluates and corrects itself, evaluation no longer laughs at the educator.
According to Maria Montessori, the role of the educator of a child is to prepare the environment conducive to the development of all the keys to its development, which are already present in all of us. These keys would be influenced by education, which should aim at removing them from what can weaken or slow them down. But the educator also has a duty to catch the differences in a rhythm of the child, which is why this pedagogy is particularly suitable for children who suffer from disorders.
Montessori pedagogy is also centered on encouraging initiative and autonomy from an early age, as this can motivate and facilitate learning and improve development as a person of its own. The adult makes a demonstration and then allows the child to reproduce it on its own.
Recognizing that the educational system proposed by the National Education at the present time is far from satisfactory, several Montessori schools are born every year. What is the basis of this success?
If we were to summarize the Montessori Method in one thought it would be the respect of the rhythm of each child. Focused on personal development, this alternative pedagogy has many other strings to its bow. The student is at the heart of the concerns; how to allow him to grow in joy, to develop his autonomy and to promote his confidence in him?
Maria Montessori, the first female Italian doctor devoted to the cause of children, wanted to answer this question. The Montessori Method is based on different principles. Children are free to move around as they wish in the classroom, to devote themselves to one or more activities for as long as they wish. The only condition is that they have first seen the activity in question with the teacher.